Socratic teaching, named after the ancient Greek philosopher Socrates, is a method of teaching that fosters critical thinking and illuminates ideas through questioning.

The Socratic method is crucial in education as it fosters critical thinking and independent problem-solving by encouraging students to question and engage in dialogue rather than relying on rote memorization. This approach cultivates deep understanding and intellectual independence, equipping students with essential skills for navigating real-world challenges and lifelong learning.